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Hunan Province

Hunan Province is located in south-central China. The name of Hunan is named after its location at the south of Dongting Lake.  Hu means lake and Nan means south literally. Covering an area of 211,800 square kilometers (81,776 square miles), 2.2% of the total of the whole country, the province of Hunan is adjacent to Jiangxi Province in the east, Chongqing Municipality and Guizhou Province in the west, Guangdong Province and Guangxi Autonomous Region in the south, and Hubei Province in the north.

Geology of Hunan
Shiyanping Tujia Ethnic VillageSurrounded by mountains and hills in the east, west and south, Hunan comprises of hills and basins in the center and plains in the north. The center and northern parts are a somewhat low and a U-shaped basin, open in the north and with Dongting Lake as its center.
Huping Mountain in Shimen County, Changde, Hunan's highest mountain, reaches an elevation of 2,009 meters, while its lowest area Huanggai Town in Yueyang is only 21 meters above sea level. 
Dongting Lake is the largest lake in the province and the second largest freshwater lake in China. Xiangjiang, Zijiang, Yuanjiang and Lishui Rivers are the four main tributaries of Yangtze River flowing through Hunan, and into Dongting Lake at Chenglingji in Yueyang City.

Administrative Divisions
Hunan Province has 13 prefecture-level cities and 1 prefecture. They are : Changde City, Changsha City, Chenzhou City, Hengyang City, Huaihua City, Loudi City, Shaoyang City, Yiyang City, Yueyang City, Yongzhou City, Xiangtan City, Zhuzhou City, Zhangjiajie City and Xiangxi Tujia & Miao Autonomous Prefecture.
Shaoshan City is the hometown of Chairman Mao Zedong. Fenghuang Ancient Town is one of the top 4 ancient cities in China. Zhangjiajie Is one of the top ten destinations in China. And Changsha is the capital of Hunan Province.

Population in Hunan
Hunan is one of the most populous provinces in China. Covering 2.2 percent of China's territory area, its population amounts for about 5 percent of the country's total, ranking No.7 in China (2013). The average population density is 318 people per square kilometer.
By the end of 2016, the registered permanent resident population of the province had reached 68.22 million, among which 35.176 million were males, and 33.044 million were females. The registered households numbered 20.23 million, involving a population of 66.55 million. The population in urban areas reached 35.986 million, realizing an urbanization rate of 52.75%. The birth rate of the registered permanent population was 13.58‰ while the death rate of the same population was 6.89‰. The natural growth rate of the registered population was 6.72‰.  

History of Hunan
In the Spring and Autumn Period and Warring States Period, it belonged to the Chu Kingdom, but in the Qin Dynasty it was divided into two shires that were subordinate to Jingzhou in the Han Dynasty afterward; in the Tang Dynasty they became two Daos with the name Hu'nan appearing for the first time; in the Song Dynasty the title Dao was changed to Lu; in the Yuan and Ming Dynasties, the Administrative Province-Huguang Xingsheng had been set up; finally the emperor of the Qing Dynasty made it Hu'nan Province.

Hunan Tourism
Hu'nan Province has a long history and a beautiful landscape, and is particularly rich in tourism resources. As one of the cradles of Chinese revolution. Abundant in natural resources and products, Hu'nan Province is acclaimed as “land of fish and rice”. Furthermore, Hu'nan Embroidery is one of “the Four Famous Embroideries” in China, and its cuisine is one of “the Eight Major Chinese Cuisines”.

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