Miao Ethnic Minority in Xiangxi


Xiangxi Prefecture is home of Miao Ethnic Minority. And most of Miao People live in Huayuan, Fenghuang, Jishou, Baojing, Guzhang, and Luxi County. The Miao dialect belongs to the Miao-Yao Austronesian of the Chinese-Tibetan Phylum. It has three main dialects in China - one based in west Hunan, one in east Guizhou, and the other in Sichuan, Yunnan, and part of Guizhou.

Top Miao Villages to visit in Xiangxi
Dehang Miao Village Morong Miao Village

Dehang Miao Village

Morong Miao Village
Shanjiang Miao Village
 
Hangwu Miao Village
Shanjiang Miao Village Hangwu Miao Village

Festivals of Miao Minority in Xiangxi
The Miao New Year Festival,
The Flower Mountain Festival (May 5th),
The Tasting New Rice Festival (between June and July),
The Tea Picking Festival

The Sisters Festival
People of the Miao ethnic group perform a folk dance to celebrate their "Sisters Festival" on Sunday. Sisters Festival, which falls on March 15th every year in China's lunar calendar, is a traditional festival of the Miao ethnic group, and boys and girls choose their lovers on that day.


Miao Ethnic Drama
Based on the traditional folk songs and dances, Miao drama has come into being since the founding of the People's Republic of China in the residential areas of the Miao ethnic minority such as the Xiangxi Tujia autonomous prefecture in Hunan, Province, Rongshui Miao ethnic autonomous prefecture in Guangxi Province, etc.. The accompaniment musical instruments are Miao flute, Lusheng, bracket harp, and so on. The drama “Hamai Girl” is just adapted from the folk legend of the Miao ethnic group.


Miao Minority Songs
Wuling area, junction between east and west of China, is a piece of fertile land which breeds folk art. According to their contents, the Miao’s folk songs can be categorized as follows: Youfangge (love song), Jiuge (toasting song), Kuge (bitter song), Ertongge (children’s song), Zangge (song for funeral), Laodongge, Miyuge, and Shizhengge (songs of labor, riddle and current politics), each with its own distinct melody. Feige (high in tone), popular in the northeast of Guizhou Province, is a special form of folk song performance. Pange is a form where young men and women compete in an old antiphonal singing style to express their wishes and to demonstrate their talents. Generally, men start the Pange. If the man loses in the song, the woman will drive him away by splashing water, which, in Miao’s tradition, is of no malevolence but a good-willed baptism. Provided the woman answers the song fluently and both of them have feeling for each other, they may get engaged. But if the woman loses, they could still continue singing until their being engaged. On that day, woman’s parents prepare the wine in time for the prospective groom’s family to toast all the participants of the song. At last, girl’s parents, taking a pair of ox’s or ram’s horns as cups, toast the couple to be married soon. Later, the entire night participants play the Lusheng (a kind of instrument) and dance to congratulate the new couple.

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